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You are sitting at home doing your homework when your mom comes home early from her job at the factory.“Is anything wrong?”you ask her.“I just lost my job to a robot(机器人),”she says sadly.

Does this sound impossible?Already many thousands of robots are being used in factories all across the country.More are being put in every day.Some new factories are completely run by machines.

One result of more robots in factories is increased unemployment in industrial areas.Factory workers in these areas are worried.Even when jobs are kept, workers say that robots change the nature of the work.They say their jobs become much less interesting.

Some people are not satisfied that now they only “baby-sit”for the new machines.

Other people think that robots will help both factory owners and the work force.Company spokespersons(发言人)are quick to point out that robots often perform jobs that people would rather not do, jobs that can be uninteresting or dangerous.The use of robots for dirty work can improve the working conditions for humans.

For factory work, robots are simply cheaper to operate and can do better jobs than humans.Many factory owners think that they must either use robots or lose business to companies.Some industry experts feel that robots will offer many new jobs.After all, people will have to build and fix the machines.But other experts point out that although using robots may bring about more jobs in the long run, they certainly cause job losses in the short run.




第一步就是通读全文,领会大意 ,






  1.理解文章的标题。 因为标题是文章的中心或甚至可以说是文章的眼睛。因此必须认真地审题和理解题目本身的含义。

  2.抓住关键词,排除难句甚至跳过难句。 阅读理解中的难句犹如拦路虎,让人无法理解全篇,令人望而生畏。难句一般是比较长的句子,即主从复合句、并列句或倒装句等等,比较复杂。同学们应抓住句中的关键词,正确分析句意、段落大意就能理解各个句子的语法成分,并能理解它们之间的关系。

  3.通读全文,掌握大意,抓住中心思想。 一篇完整的阅读文章通常都有中心思想,采用速读法粗略的浏览全文,初步了解大意,获得一些主要信息。阅读时没有必要把每一句话及每个词都作为重点来阅读,只用把目光聚集在关键词上就行。

  4.运用上下文的逻辑来猜测、解释词义。 阅读中我们难免会碰到许多的生词,不要惊慌失措。我们可以通过构词法、同义句、反义词、因果关系和上下文的提示和暗示,猜出其意。假如真猜不出来,也不要把时间全浪费在一个单词上,跳过去接着进行下个部分的阅读。

  5.带问题进行阅读,提前看文章后的问题,对这些问题做出初步的选择或判断。 在快速阅读完一遍之后,着重看一下文章后面所给出的问题,然后再重新阅读全文。这次阅读使用跳读的方法,在跳读的过程中不断的寻找答题时所需要的信息和知识。应着重注意文章中的时间、地点、人物、数字、主要情节及因果关系等。一旦找到答案便可以停止这一部分的阅读。

  6 .要提高阅读的速度。 阅读的速度也是阅读过程当中非常重要的一部分。



  3)根据文章篇幅的长短、难易程度和阅读的要求来确定阅读的速度。 通常情况下阅读理解文章都要求在一定的时间内完成。因此,同学们可根据文章的长短来决定自己的阅读速度;相对比较难的文章也要注意速度,如果读的太慢可能会在规定或剩余的时间内不能按时完成;但有时读的太快,反而会造成许多不应出现的错误。

   4)要直接理解全文,而不要进行逐字逐句的翻译。 直接理解全文,避免逐字逐句翻译,这是提高阅读速度的最快最好的办法。

  7 .抓住重点句、段。 阅读时要重视首尾段和首末句。通常情况,可以从文章的首段和首句中捕捉到文章大意和体裁等信息。而文章的尾段和末句往往是文章或段落的灵魂。首段简要的提出文章的主旨或点名人物、时间、地点、文化背景等。尾段则是主题的概括或归纳。如对首尾段和首末句加以整理,同学们就会悟出文章的主题、中心思想,同时还可以减少生词和难句的障碍。

  8 .找关键词、句。 阅读时要善于抓住关键词、句。比如:数字、时间、地点、中心人物等。特别是一些重要的关联词。如:which,but,as,because,and,for,when等。对文中的关键词句,首先要理解其基本意思,其次要理解它们在文中的具体意思,最后要根据上下文来推敲其深层含义。



Food is important.Everyone needs to 1 well if he or she wants to have a strong body. Our minds also need a kind of food. This kind of food is 2 . We begin to get knowledge even when we are young. Small children are 3 in everything around them. They learn 4 while they are watching and listening. When they are getting older they begin to 5 story books, science books…,anything they like. When they find something new, they have to ask questions and 6 to find out the answers.

What is the best 7 to get knowledge? If we learn 8 ourselves, we will get the most knowledge. If we are 9 getting answers from others and don’t ask why, we will never learn more and understand 10 .

( )1.A sleep B read C drink D eat

( )2.A sport B exercise C knowledge D meat

( )3. A interested B interesting C weak D good

( )4. A everybody B something C nothing D anything

( )5. A lend B write C learn D read

( )6. A try B have C think D wait

( )7. A place B school C way D road

( )8. A on B with C to D by

( )9. seldom(几乎不) B always C certainly D sometimes

( )10. A harder B much C well D better

When Jane was a little girl, she liked keeping pets. She had many books about animals and there were many pictures and stamps on the walls of her bedroom. She often said that she would work in a 1 when she grow up .

Most of Jane’s pets were quite small – parrots, cats, dogs, and so on. But one day she met something quite 2 .

That afternoon, Jane’s mother was surprised to see a big animal with long hair in the kitchen. He 3 a T—shirt and was sitting on a chair, trying to put on a pair of glasses and making faces at her. In front of him, on the table, were a basket of fruits and a glass of water. “Jane, where are you?” the mother shouts. Then suddenly she remembered that a few days before a young gorilla(大猩猩) called Gor and had run away from the zoo.

“I found him in the city square,” Jane said. “He seemed so lonely. I talked to him. We became friends at once and he followed me 4 .”

“Well, you know you 5 keep him,” her mother said. “You must send him back to the zoo. You’d better phone the police.”

Soon a 6 came and also a truck from the zoo. 7 was angry with Jane when she told her story. The policeman knew Jane loved animals. And the zookeeper said, “Thank you for your kindness. I can see Gor likes you, 8 we need him back.” Jane agreed. She hugged Gor and said that she would go and see him 9 .

These days Jane has stopped collecting 10 , but you can still find her with her friend Gor at the zoo on Saturdays and Sundays!

( )1. A hospital B school C zoo D factory

( )2. A small B long C short D big

( )3. A wore B made C sold D lent

( )4. A to school B home C to the zoo D to the shop

( )5.A can’t B can C must D have to

( )6.A teacher B postman Cpoliceman D friend

( )7. A Everybody B The zookeeper C Jane’s mother D Nobody

( )8. A and B but C so D because

( )9.A every day B after school C in the afternoon D at weekends

( )10 A clothes B glasses C animals D fruits

After supper Mrs. Bell felt hot and came out of the hotel. She got to 1 a week before . She liked the city and went traveling there for 2 first time. Now she was walking along a quite street when she saw a man working in a garden. She 3 to watch him carefully. The old man worked 4 and she was sure he was an able gardener. She liked to see him.

“I have a garden ,too,” the woman said to herself. “I 5 such a gardener. Why won’t Ibring one to America?”

So she went into the garden and said she would pay him much if he 6 to go to America with her.

“I ’ll pay for your fare(费用),too,” said the woman. “ You’ll be able to get 7 soon in my country, I think.”

“Thanks a lot,” said the old man, “but it’s 8 that I have another position(职位). I can’t abdicate(放弃) for it. I’ll have to work for you 9 they don’t elect(选举) me next time.”

“Oh?” the woman said in surprise. “ 10 are you , then?”

“The President of France.”

( )1. A Toronto B Paris C Moscow D Sydney

( )2. A a B an C the D/

( )3. A ends B hurried C stopped D went on

( )4. A slowly B sadly C badly D hard

( )5.A need B hope C hate D wish

( )6.A disliked B frightened C believed D agreed

( )7. A lonely B happy C rich D poor

( )8.A glad B unluchy C necessary D grateful(感激的)

( )9. A until B unless C because D if

( )10. A Who B How C What D Whose

A seeing-ye dog is a dog which helps 1 people walk along the streets and do many other things. We call these dogs “seeing-eye” dogs 2 the dogs are the “eyes” of the blind man and they help him to “see”. These dogs generally(通常) go to special schools for several years to learn 3 blind people.

One day a seeing-eye dog and a blind man were 4 a bus. The bus was full of people and there were no 5 . One man, however, soon got up and left his seat. The dog took the blind man to 6 , but there was little space. The dog began to push the people on each side 7 his nose. He pushed and pushed 8 the people moved down and finally there was enough space for 9 man. The blind man then sat down and the dog got up on the seat 10 the blind man.

( )1. A ill B old C young D blind

( )2. A if B because C when D so

( )3. A to teach B to visit C to help DS to see

( )4.A up B down C on D off

( )5.A chairs B seats C the driver D place

( )6.A the chair B the seat C the driver D the people

( )7. A by B in C with D through

( )8. A until B after C not until D before

( )9. A a B an C the D the blind

( )10. A at the foot of B an the side of C in front of D on the foot

The game of football began in England in the middle of the nineteenth century. But the Chinese played a game 1 football over 2000years ago. In the beginning, it was very 2 and dangerous. There were not a fixed(固定的) number of 3 and there was always a lot of fighting. In 1863 the Football Association(协会)was founded(建立) to bring 4 to the game. Since then, millions have played football, making it the world’s most 5 sport. It’s the strongest in Europe and 6 , but it is popular in Africa 7 and now is played also by women; women’s football is one of the fastest 8 sports in the world. The World Cup is the most important 9 in international football. The competition is held every four years at 10 countries around the world. The first competition was held in 1930 and the winter was Uruguay(乌拉圭)。

( )1. A.like Bfor C with D as

( )2. A easy B rough(粗鲁的) C nervous D terrible

( )3. A players B strikers(打击者) C balls D goals

( )4. A fields B scores C fans D rules

( )5.A ordinary B amazing C popular D public

( )6.A England B GermanyC South America D Africa

( )7. A at last B as well C once more D ever since

( )8. A relaxing Bmoving C running Dgrowing

( )9. A cup B chance C prize D club

( )10. A different B important C large D several

One day a young man had to stop his car soon after he started for London because he heard a strange noise from the back of his car. He 1 and examined the wheels carefully, but as he found 2 wrong, he went on. The noise began at once and now it was even louder. He turned his head and saw something that looked like a big, dark cloud following his car. When he 3 at a village, he was told that a queen bee(蜂王) must be somewhere 4 his car as there were thousands of bees around.

To get away from the bees, the man drove away 5 and after some time arrived in London. He 6 his car outside a house and went in to have a drink. 7 a door keeper hurried in to tell him that his car was covered with bees the poor young man 8 telephone the policeman and told him what had happened.The policeman sent him a bee-keeper soon found the passenger, a queen bee, near the wheels, He was very 9 to the young man for his present. He took the bees 10 in a box, the young man drove away happily.

( )1.A stopped B started C got out D looked at

( )2. A nothing B something C anything D everything

( )3. A reached B stopped C started D went on

( )4. A under B above C in D behind

( )5. A widely B safely C suddenly D quickly

( )6. A drove B left C found D took

( )7. A Then B So C When D Now

( )8. A would B could C had to D might

( )9. A useful B helpful C careful D thankful

( )10. A back B home C here D around

Hank lived in a small town, but then he got a 1 in a big city and moved there with his wife and his two 2 .

3 the first Saturday in their new home, Hank took his 4 car out of the garage and 5 when a neighbour came 6 . When he saw Hank’s new car, the neighbour stopped and looked at it for a minute. Then Hank 7 and saw him.

The neighbour said, “ That’s a nice car. Is it 8 ?”

“Sometimes,” Hank said.

The neighbour was surprised. “Sometimes?” he said, “What do you mean?”

“Well,” answered Hank slowly, “When there’s a party in the 9 it belongs(属于) to my wife and daughter, Jane. When there’s a football game somewhere, it belongs to my son. When it needs washing and gas, it’s 10 .

( )1. A work B job C house D family

( )2. A sons B daughters C family C children

( )3. A On B In C since D When

( )4. A red new B new red C old red D red old

( )5. A is washing B was washing C washed B has washed

( )6. A to B on C up D back

( )7. A returned B smiled C came D turned

( )8. A theirs B ours C mine D yours

( )9. A home B house C town D room

( )10.A my B me C. I D mine





Ⅰ. 1. They 2. math 3.can 4. room 5. desk 6. Bring 7. table 8. Where 9. under 10. know Ⅱ. 1. A 题意:“棒球在哪里?”“它在床底下。”根据答语under the bed可知是提问地点,所以应是where; how是表示 “怎么样”; What是“什么”,提问事物; Where is= Where‟s,由于句中已有is,故选A。 2. A 题意:请带我到学校。take是“带走”,bring是“带来”,call是“打电话”,need是“需要”,另外“take…to+地点”是“带„„到某地”,故选A。 3. C 题意:“我的书在梳妆台上吗?”“是的,它在。我能看见。”根据答语可推知是肯定回答,由于在简短的肯定答语中it is不能缩写,故选C。 4. D 题意:“铅笔在哪里?”“它们在桌子上。”由于pencils是复数,所以应用they,them是宾格,不能做主语。故选D。 5. B 题意:“那些是什么?”“是我们的足球。”soccer balls是复数,故排除A项,C项和D项分别提问人物和地点,所以答案为B。 6. C 题意:“我的钢笔在哪里?”“很抱歉,我不知道。”pens为复数形式,所以谓语动词应是are;I know的否定形式需加助动词,所以应是I don‟t know。故选C。 7. A 题意:这是一支钢笔。这支钢笔很漂亮。a用于辅音音素之前,an用于元音音素之前,

两者均用于泛指。the指上文提到过的人或事物,所以答案为A。 8. B 题意:“书包在桌子上吗?”“不,它不在桌子上。”本句是is引导的一般疑问句,A、D项都涉及地点,故排除,C项为复数形式,与问句不符,所以答案为B。 9. C 题意:“他的铅笔在哪里?”“我不知道。”where引导特殊疑问句, A项和D项是一般疑问句的答语,故排除;句中pencils是复数,所以B项单数形式不对。只有C项符合题意。 10. A 题意:光盘在哪里?由于CDs是复数,所以答案应为A。













初三英语完形填空求翻译 Long ago there was a boy who was hung













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